Wednesday, 23 May 2018

Music in School

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 Music explained

A guide to some of the musical terms children may come across in music sessions

Acapella: Without accompaniment from musical instruments, ie voices only

Appraising: Listening carefully.

 Arrangement : How voices and instruments are used in a song; where they occur within the song.

 Back beat: Beats 2 and 4 in a drum-line or if we are clapping along with the music.

Backing: The accompaniment to a song

Balance: The level of volume at which players sing or play; if the balance is good then everyone  can be heard.

 Ballad: A gentle love song. band Playing/singing/performing together.

 Chord:  More than one note played at the same time.

Chorus: A repeated section in a song which gives the main message

Cover: A version of a song performed by someone other than the original artist that might sound   a bit – or very – different.

Composing: Creating and developing musical ideas and 'fixing' these.

Crossover: Can be a mixture of different styles which introduces new music to different audiences

Drumloops: A loop is a sequence of sounds/music that is recorded, maybe sampled, and reproduced   digitally or electronically.

Dynamics: How loud or quiet the music is.

Ensemble: A French word used to describe playing/singing/performing together.

Groove : The rhythmic part of the music that makes you want to move and dance.

Harmony:Different notes sung or played at the same time, to produce chords

Improvise: To make up a tune and play it on the spot; there is an assumption that it can never be    recreated.

Lyrics: The words of a song.

 Melody: Another name for a tune.

Notation: Ways to visually represent music.

 Offbeat: If a piece of music has 4 beats in a bar ie 1 2 3 4, to clap on the offbeat you would clap on   beats 1 and 3 not 2 and 4

Ostinato: A short repeated pattern.

Pentatonic scale: A fixed five-note pattern eg the five black keys on a piano.

Performing: Singing and playing instruments.

Phrase: A musical sentence.

Pitch: The range of high and low sounds

Pulse/beat :The heartbeat or steady beat of a song/piece of music

Rhythm: The combination of long and short sounds to make patterns

Tempo: An Italian word used to describe how fast/slow the music goes.

 Texture :Layers of sound in music.

Timbre:  The quality and character of the sound